Himachal Pradesh GK
For all those looking to brush up on their knowledge of Himachal Pradesh, this article is the perfect place to start! From GK MCQs to HP GK Quizzes and Questions Answers, you’ll find everything you need to test your knowledge and learn more about this fascinating state. So read on and get ready to ace your next Himachal Pradesh quiz!
Introduction to Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is a state in northern India. The state’s name was coined by Chandragupta Maurya, which literally means “snow-laden province”. Himachal Pradesh is bounded by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Punjab to the west, Haryana and Uttarakhand to the south, and Tibet to the east. The capital of Himachal Pradesh is Shimla, while its largest city is Solan.
The state has a diverse topography; from glaciers in the north to subtropical plains in the southern part of the state. Himachal Pradesh experiences three main seasons – summer, winter and monsoon. The average rainfall in the state is about 2300 mm.
Himachal Pradesh has a rich cultural heritage. The state is home to numerous temples, stupas and monasteries. Himachali cuisine is also very popular and includes dishes such as dham (a type of stew), siddu (a steamed bread) and patisa (a type of sweet).
The economy of Himachal Pradesh is primarily dependent on agriculture and tourism. Apple cultivation is one of the main agricultural activities in the state, while adventure sports such as trekking and mountaineering are popular tourist attractions.
History of Himachal Pradesh
The state of Himachal Pradesh is located in the northern part of India. The name Himachal Pradesh literally means “snow-laden province”. The state is bordered by the states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Punjab to the west and south, Haryana and Uttarakhand to the south, and Tibet to the east.
The history of Himachal Pradesh can be traced back to the Vedic period. The region was mentioned in the Rigveda, Mahabharata and Puranas as a part of the Himalayan Kingdom. It is also said that the Pandavas spent a significant portion of their exile here. In fact, one of their main strongholds, Kullu, was located in present day Himachal Pradesh.
During the medieval period, the region was ruled by a number of dynasties including the Mauryas, Kushanas, Guptas and Hunas. In the 6th century AD, it came under the rule of Harsha Vardhana. Later on, it was conquered by Chandragupta Vikramaditya who established his capital at Jalandhar (in present day Punjab).
In later centuries, Himachal Pradesh saw a number of invasions from Central Asian rulers like Timur and Mahmud Ghazni. However, it was during the rule of Akbar that this region became a integral part of the Mughal Empire. During
Geography of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is a state located in the northern part of India. The state is bordered by the states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Punjab to the west, Haryana to the south, and Uttarakhand to the east. The state has an area of 55,673 square kilometers and a population of 6,856,509 as of 2011. The capital of Himachal Pradesh is Shimla.
The geography of Himachal Pradesh can be divided into three main regions: the Himalayan region in the north, the Shiwalik Hills in the middle, and the plains in the south.
The Himalayan region covers about 60% of the state’s total area and is home to some of its highest mountains. The Shiwalik Hills make up the foothills of this region and are lower in elevation than the Himalayas. They are home to many rivers that originate in this region, such as the Beas River.
The plains make up the southernmost part of Himachal Pradesh and are drained by several rivers, including the Sutlej River. This region is also home to several lakes, such as Lake Manasarovar.
Economy and Industries of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is one of the fastest growing states in India. The state’s economy is mainly dependent on agriculture and tourism. However, the state is also home to some of the country’s leading industries, including pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and information technology.
The state’s agricultural sector employs around 60% of the state’s workforce and contributes to nearly 20% of the state’s GDP. The main crops grown in Himachal Pradesh are wheat, rice, maize, millets, pulses, and oilseeds. The state is also a major producer of fruits and vegetables.
Tourism is another important sector of the state’s economy. Himachal Pradesh is home to some of the most popular tourist destinations in India, including Shimla, Manali, and Dharamsala. The state receives over 15 million tourists every year.
The industrial sector of Himachal Pradesh has been growing rapidly in recent years. Some of the leading industries in the state include pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, information technology, and food processing.
Culture & Tradition in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India. Known for its natural beauty, Himachal Pradesh is also home to a number of unique cultures and traditions.
One of the most notable aspects of Himachal Pradesh’s culture is its music. Traditional folk music is still very popular in the state, and many locals enjoy singing and dancing to it. There are also a number of popular festivals that take place throughout the year, which often feature traditional music and dance.
Another aspect of Himachal Pradesh’s culture that is worth mentioning is its cuisine. The state’s cuisine is heavily influenced by Tibetan and Nepali cuisine, as well as by the cuisines of other North Indian states. Local dishes often make use of fresh ingredients, such as vegetables, fruits, and dairy products.
Demographics of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India. The state has an area of 55,673 square kilometers and a population of 6,856,509 as of 2011. The state is divided into 12 districts. The capital of the state is Shimla. Himachal Pradesh is bordered by the states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Punjab to the west, Haryana to the south, and Uttarakhand to the east.
The majority of the population in Himachal Pradesh is Hindu. There are also large populations of Sikhs and Muslims. The main languages spoken in Himachal Pradesh are Hindi and Punjabi. English is also spoken by many people in the state.
The average life expectancy in Himachal Pradesh is 68 years for men and 72 years for women. The literacy rate in the state is 82%.
Political Setup in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is a state in northern India. The state is located in the Western Himalayas, and its capital is Shimla. Himachal Pradesh is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Punjab to the west, Haryana to the south-west, Uttarakhand to the south-east, and Sikkim to the east. The state covers an area of 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi), and has a population of 6.8 million people.
Himachal Pradesh has a unicameral legislature which consists of 68 members. The leader of the majority party or coalition in the legislature serves as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh, while the Governor is the head of state. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh High Court.
The Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly consists of 68 members elected from single-member constituencies. The term of office for members of the Assembly is five years unless dissolved earlier. The Assembly elects a speaker who presides over proceedings during sessions of the Assembly.
The Chief Minister is elected by legislators of the political party or coalition commanding a majority in the assembly. In case no party or coalition commands such a majority, the Governor invites the leader of the largest party or coalition to form a government.
Important Govt. Schemes and Policies in HP
The Government of Himachal Pradesh has implemented several schemes and policies in order to improve the quality of life of its citizens. Some of the important schemes and policies are as follows:
1. The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) is a flagship scheme of the Government of India that aims to provide affordable housing for all by the year 2022. Under this scheme, financial assistance is provided to eligible beneficiaries for construction/purchase of their own houses.
2. The Swacch Bharat Abhiyan is a nationwide cleanliness campaign launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014. As part of this campaign, various activities like cleaning up public places, constructing toilets, and creating awareness about hygiene are carried out.
3. The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and Ministry of Human Resource Development. The main objective of this scheme is to prevent female infanticide and save the girl child. Various awareness campaigns and programmes are organised under this scheme to achieve its objectives.
4. The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is a financial inclusion programme launched by the Government in 2014. Under this scheme, every Indian citizen is provided with a bank account so that they can have access to banking facilities and avail various government benefits seamlessly. More than 34 crore accounts have been opened under
Tourist Attractions in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is known for its scenic beauty and is a popular tourist destination. Some of the popular tourist attractions in Himachal Pradesh include:
-The Great Himalayan National Park: The Great Himalayan National Park is located in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. It is spread over an area of 1,171 sq km and is home to a variety of flora and fauna.
-The Spiti Valley: The Spiti Valley is located in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It is a high altitude desert valley and is home to some of the world’s highest mountain peaks.
-The Pin Valley National Park: The Pin Valley National Park is located in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It is spread over an area of 755 sq km and is home to a variety of rare animals and plants.
-The Rohtang Pass: The Rohtang Pass is located in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. It is a high mountain pass that connects the Kullu valley with the Lahaul and Spiti valleys.
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